The cost of taking CPP early

Does it make sense to take a lower Canada Pension Plan payment now to get more later? Bruce Sellery weighs into the debate.

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Question

Does it make sense to take out CPP at age 60 and invest the amount into TFSA’s or to wait until one needs the money? I have been retired for a couple of years and will be soon approaching 60, but with the new changes in CPP I’m not sure what to do.

Answer

As the saying goes, patience is a virtue. But in your case, patience may mean a profit. By waiting until age 65 to take CPP you could see more money in your bank account, even if you invest the early withdrawals in a TFSA. To walk you through the rationale in detail I turned to Matthew Ardrey, a CFP at fee-based financial firm T.E. Wealth.

The critical assumptions

To answer this question Ardrey has to make a number of assumptions. The first one, of course, is that you can afford to wait. This is implied by your comment that you would save the money in a TFSA versus needing the money to pay a heating bill that’s six-months overdue.

Ardrey also has to consider how the CPP changes will work. “The changes to the CPP are going to see the early retirement reduction gradually move from 0.5% per month up to 0.6% per month over the period of 2012 to 2016,” he says. Ardrey assumes you will be able to receive CPP in the middle of this transition and have a reduction factor of 0.55%. Under this scenario you would see a 33% reduction in your CPP at age 60, he says. Ardrey also assumes you will receive the average benefit for CPP, currently listed as $528.92 per month at age 65 and that you are in a 30% marginal tax bracket.

As for inflation beyond the next two years, Ardrey uses a long-term average of 3% and rate of return in the TFSA is assumed to be at 6%. And finally, with regards to your TFSA, he assumes you have $5,000 in contribution room a year between ages 60 to 70, increasing to $7,000 by the time you’re in your 80s.

The cost of taking CPP early

Waiting to take CPP at age 65 instead of age 60 is more profitable. But by how much? Ardrey figures the difference by age 73 would be in the range of $1,500, and the amount will grow over time.

Adjusting for inflation of 2% per year for two years and a reduction factor of 33%, at age 60 your CPP payment would be $368.69 per month gross and $258.09 after tax, he says. If you wait until age 65, your CPP payment adjusted for inflation of 2% for two years and 3% for five years would be $637.94 per month gross and $446.55 after tax.

Saving in TFSA to offset differential

Provided you did what you said and put the money you received into a TFSA (and not into vacations and fine wine) you would offset some of that differential. But will it be enough? Nope, says Ardrey.

“By age 80, the combination of excess CPP payments and TFSA savings is greater under these assumptions by taking the pension at age 65 than at age 60. Though I agree with the principle that contributing excess funds to save in a TFSA is a worthy venture, the loss in future CPP income does not seem to warrant it, especially with today’s population living longer in most cases,” he explains. He says it’s worth noting that if you wait until you need the money after age 65, the rate of payment increases by 8.4% per year or 42% by age 70. The new CPP rules start to come into effect by 2013.

Of course, these calculations are based on some general assumptions. There may be other factors to consider, like longevity, how long you’ve been out of the workforce, or whether you’re receiving any other government support. You have an important decision to make. It would be worth consulting a professional for some extra assurances.

But in the meantime, here are a few additional resources to help you prepare for that conversation:

ask@moneysense.ca

8 comments on “The cost of taking CPP early

  1. It's very interesting topic. I will like add a couple more condition. I'm retired at age of 55 will like to added the impact of 0 CCP contribution factor between 60 & 65 year old. what will be the different in percentage of the monthly CCP. Also your example is base on the $ 5000 for TFSA investment how about invest the entire 5 years of CCP payment will it make up the different of waiting.
    Your help and answer will be appericated.
    Thank You !

    Reply

  2. What about a new retiree with very little money, such that they qualify for the GIS? Does the analysis hold given the 50% clawback rate for the GIS? What assumptions are necessary in that case?

    (In my experience retirement articles often focus on the relatively well off, not those for whom these decisions are most important). This likely reflects the expected reader's situation, but perhaps not the most common retiree.

    Reply

  3. On what Planet can we get a 6.0% return on a TFSA!!?

    Reply

    • Only way is a self directed TFSA….but then you also assume the risks of 'investing'…..

      Reply

  4. The way I see it, no one knows how long we will live…even the financial analyst so take the money when you can and 60 seems like a good age….can you imagine not doing that and waiting for that precious age of 65 only to die….meanwhile, you could have enjoyed whatever means possible to have a more reliable retirement. I am sure they would like you to wait so they have more time to invest the money you are not taking…..simple….take the money!!

    Reply

  5. If you take CPP early it is not blended into your government pension until age 65. Also if you salted away your severence into RRSPs you can trickle the profits at age 71 to cover the shortfall.

    Reply

  6. how can u live on that realy ,, we need to work until we die…very sad that we work so many years when comes to retire-ing we will die for not having enough to survive………..

    Reply

  7. Ardrey must work for the goverment. Where I come from they say that an egg today is better than a chicken tomorrow.

    Reply

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