Does it pay to leave the country for a lower tax bill?

Rich Albertans will be taxed 48% in 2016

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CALGARY – So you’re a wealthy Canadian whose tax bill is going up. Does it pay to leave the country?

When media outlets reported last month that billionaire Murray Edwards is leaving Calgary for the United Kingdom, some saw it as proof that tax hikes for top earners are driving away the rich.

“High income earners like Murray Edwards fleeing the province is more evidence the NDP government’s economic agenda is hurting Alberta’s long-term competitive advantage,” Alberta’s Opposition Wildrose Party said in a March 29 release.

Despite the political haymaking, the prominent oilpatch financier, known also for his interests in the Calgary Flames and ski resorts, hasn’t publicly said why he’s hopping across the pond. Recent regulatory filings for the publicly-traded companies in which he’s involved show him as living in London.

Between federal and provincial tax changes, the combined marginal tax rate for Albertans in the top bracket is rising to 48 per cent in 2016, from 40.25 per cent last year.

There’s a psychological element to whether a high net worth individual would feel compelled to leave the country for tax reasons, said lawyer Jonathan Garbutt.

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It’s usually when the rate tips past 50 per cent — which is the case in many provinces, but not Alberta — that people with a high net worth get bent out of shape, Garbutt said.

“It just gets right up peoples’ noses,” he said.

“You’re not working for the benefit of you and your family. You’re working for everybody else who maybe isn’t working as hard or as smart as you are.”

The U.K. isn’t exactly known for being a low-tax jurisdiction, but its rules for non-domiciled residents, or “non-doms,” have been a draw for the wealthy. Non-doms — who live in the U.K., but whose permanent residence is elsewhere — only pay U.K. tax on money they earn in the country, or bring into it.


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In many cases, Garbutt said the tax savings could be substantial enough to outweigh the higher cost of living and a 20 per cent value-added tax on most goods and services.

But whether it’s the U.K. or a low-tax tropical locale, it doesn’t make sense to leave Canada solely for tax reasons, said Garbutt.

“You can’t let the tax tail wag the life dog,” he said, “because you won’t be happy and these people have enough money that they should be happy.”

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There can be big upfront costs and sticky logistical practicalities that negate any tax-saving rationale for leaving, said Jack Courtney, vice-president of private client planning at Investors Group in Winnipeg.

“Very often there’s a very big tax hit for severing residential ties with Canada,” he said.

Specifically, those leaving could get dinged significantly on any capital gains from “deemed dispositions” of assets that became more valuable between the time they bought it and their departure.

They also have to be prepared to part with virtually all the cards in their wallet and embrace a new lifestyle.

“You’ve got to think really deeply about where your relationships are and what your life will be like in that place,” said Courtney.

Heath-care costs — particularly for those older than 65 — are also a huge financial consideration, said John Nicola, CEO of Nicola Wealth Management in Vancouver.

Nicola said he’s dubious there’s going to be a mass exodus of the rich.

“There tends to be, in my opinion, a lot more hype and press about people jumping ship offshore than there is the way of a lot of data suggesting it’s a significant outcome.”

 

One comment on “Does it pay to leave the country for a lower tax bill?

  1. Leaving for Mexico as soon as I sell my house here. My Mexican girlfriend & our house have been waiting for 5 years. I will be taxed 7% in all & my neurologist there charges me once a month $6 ca for the visit. I have spent the last 26 winters there & I can make them laugh in their own language. It is an extraordinary place & something new happens every day(good or bad). You pay $2 for 5kl of the best oranges & every other fruit & vegetables. I dealt with narcos 4 times & there curious to know what a gringo is doing in this lost place. I’m sure they can be horrible but the love to have a good time

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