Best Large Cities

(Population of 400,000 or more)



Rank City Bike to work % Days with rain/yr Days above 0°C Pop. growth '11 to '12 Jobless % Average house price $ Average household income $ Crime Severity Index Property tax % Doctors per '000 Employed in arts & rec % New car %
1 Calgary, Alta. 1.18 67.5 169.3 6.56% 4.02 394,550 125,733 65.69 2.32 2.46 2.11 1.37
2 Ottawa, Ont. 2.05 118.5 211.9 4.10% 5.89 352,020 98,980 58.62 2.19 2.44 2.94 1.74
3 Edmonton, Alta. 1.21 77.2 186.7 3.84% 4.91 338,463 96,704 97.96 2.06 2.57 1.95 0.93
4 London, Ont. 1.45 120.3 217.3 5.87% 6.09 247,818 78,873 91.42 2.38 3.07 1.56 1.42
5 Winnipeg, Man. 1.47 76.9 170.2 6.00% 5.04 255,091 77,269 113.6 2.08 2.57 1.91 0.8
6 Halifax, N.S. 0.85 133.4 228.9 5.86% 6.29 247,566 79,348 87 1.98 3.74 2.47 1.83
7 Toronto, Ont. 1.64 112.8 258.6 5.27% 7.63 515,775 91,464 70.87 2.07 2.07 3.38 1.64
8 Mississauga, Ont. 0.33 96.5 174.9 7.45% 6.54 452,165 98,552 50.25 2.41 2.07 1.61 1.7
9 Québec, Que. 1.56 121.1 189.4 0.58% 4.97 221,685 67,907 56.26 2.29 3.2 2.33 1.97
10 Vancouver, B.C. 3.62 166.4 328.5 10.39% 6 882,000 81,066 103.44 1.86 2.43 4.3 0.9
11 Hamilton, Ont. 0.88 117.7 223.2 3.86% 6.55 285,718 78,196 76.14 2.56 2.5 1.58 0.97
12 Laval, Que. 0.52 118.5 211.4 2.64% 5.52 265,169 77,060 70.44 2.53 2.34 1.68 1.71
13 Brampton, Ont. 0.24 111.8 219.1 8.47% 6.6 401,614 89,830 50.25 2.64 2.07 1.15 0.82
14 Surrey, B.C. 0.34 169.6 308.6 4.32% 5.71 497,939 85,176 129.94 2.3 2.43 1.35 0.7
15 Montréal, Que. 2.35 122.2 233.1 4.17% 9.17 354,313 61,159 99.62 1.84 2.34 3.52 1.73

Best Mid-Sized Cities

(Population of between 100,000 and 400,000)



Rank City Bike to work % Days with rain/yr Days above 0°C Pop. growth '11 to '12 Jobless % Average house price $ Average household income $ Crime Severity Index Property tax % Doctors per '000 Employed in arts & rec % New car %
1 Burlington, Ont. 0.73 108.7 236.2 6.82% 4.65 417,102 110,031 33.57 2.62 2.5 2.06 1.69
2 Oakville, Ont. 0.55 101.3 222.1 6.23% 5.3 587,045 145,471 33.57 2.7 2.07 2.58 1.89
3 Saanich, B.C. 5.11 150.5 327.8 5.59% 4.64 562,115 84,509 44.52 2.22 3.25 2.43 0.11
4 Lethbridge, Alta. 1.2 58.5 191.5 4.53% 4.1 183,491 82,601 86.99 2.08 1.99 1.44 0.2
5 Saskatoon, Sask. 2.11 64.4 166.4 6.85% 5.25 311,592 86,934 128.83 2.08 3.06 1.78 0.41
6 Regina, Sask. 1.22 68.1 165.6 6.91% 4.82 312,506 87,063 129.99 2.12 2.37 2.17 0.63
7 Kingston, Ont. 2.16 119.4 219.6 3.38% 6.54 287,403 79,727 66.05 2.19 4.11 1.91 0.87
8 Vaughan, Ont. 0.17 104.4 207.2 8.30% 4.69 604,432 119,598 39.37 2.75 2.07 1.89 1.92
9 Richmond Hill, Ont. 0.29 117.6 217.5 5.55% 5.43 624,362 109,660 47.49 2.62 2.07 2.1 1.95
10 Lévis, Que. 0.78 121.1 189.4 1.46% 3.65 205,501 79,083 40.26 2.49 3.2 1.78 1.85
11 Markham, Ont. 0.28 117.6 217.5 6.74% 6.66 552,731 112,018 39.37 2.68 2.07 1.93 1.9
12 Red Deer, Alta. 1.37 79.4 164.9 13.75% 4.37 240,689 98,922 153.75 2.24 2.39 1.55 0.58
13 Delta, B.C. 0.45 152.5 298.6 4.66% 4.65 558,929 96,772 60.05 2.41 2.43 1.98 0.43
14 Guelph, Ont. 2.08 121.8 204.2 2.31% 5.13 312,061 87,868 46.99 2.6 2.01 1.93 1.05
15 Moncton, N.B. 0.99 131.1 187.3 2.83% 6.19 149,697 71,986 61.92 2.13 3.22 1.73 1.78
16 Waterloo, Ont. 2.75 115.6 204.8 13.25% 5.49 336,510 100,732 62.57 2.5 1.46 2.26 0.5
17 Whitby, Ont. 0.36 118.4 233.5 9.95% 5.58 354,532 108,564 47.49 2.75 1.28 2.01 1.57
18 Coquitlam, B.C. 0.59 181.2 295 5.28% 5.32 504,143 84,841 66.65 2.14 2.43 2.06 0.79
19 Terrebonne, Que. 0.52 123.5 199.5 3.92% 4.03 225,385 81,108 52.56 2.66 2.34 1.4 1.86
20 Gatineau, Que. 1.83 118.5 211.9 1.35% 5.63 223,770 78,788 66.77 2.45 2.44 2.78 1.8
21 Kamloops, B.C. 1.3 81.8 240.1 3.48% 6.13 299,134 74,517 111.64 2.05 2.47 1.56 0.24
22 Kitchener, Ont. 1.14 115.6 204.8 6.00% 5.71 282,954 78,700 62.57 2.48 1.46 1.57 0.95
23 Ajax, Ont. 0.28 118.4 313.6 3.05% 6.38 358,158 101,033 47.49 2.79 2.07 1.7 1.1
24 Peterborough, Ont. 2.17 116.8 193.4 4.51% 7.09 252,884 74,961 75.19 2.48 2.21 1.58 0.81
25 Barrie, Ont. 0.47 111.5 205.7 7.81% 5.93 285,498 85,467 60.56 2.72 1.43 1.55 1.17
26 St. Catharines, Ont. 1.47 115.4 236.1 4.24% 6.56 223,464 69,954 60.25 2.56 1.38 1.65 0.53
27 District of Langley, B.C. 0.57 168 168 7.71% 3.49 538,059 100,187 98.1 2.36 2.43 1.7 0.78
28 Kelowna, B.C. 2.02 104.6 207.4 3.26% 5.07 418,956 77,330 113.03 2.15 2.3 1.81 0.16
29 Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury, Ont. 0.63 101.1 183 2.99% 7.85 214,087 83,483 78.89 2.1 1.91 1.34 1.12
30 Windsor, Ont. 1.25 115.7 242.5 4.37% 8.33 187,645 75,458 125.6 2.27 1.52 1.15 1.29
31 Richmond, B.C. 1.39 179.4 301.2 8.44% 5.72 662,716 78,569 77.34 2.31 2.43 2.02 1.95
32 Cambridge, Ont. 0.94 106.6 204.7 6.83% 5.87 291,425 83,881 62.57 2.78 1.46 1.22 0.92
33 Nanaimo, B.C. 1.54 167.2 285 6.89% 6.98 351,751 66,496 108.91 2.06 2.6 1.72 0.42
34 Thunder Bay, Ont. 1.48 90.5 162 2.83% 7.41 194,824 73,182 108.79 2.11 2.22 1.37 0.57
35 Burnaby, B.C. 0.76 165 317 5.52% 6.78 596,376 75,188 93.27 2.07 2.43 2.1 0.85
36 Brantford, Ont. 1.1 115 220.7 4.95% 6.02 253,968 76,935 99.09 2.73 1.35 1.14 0.59
37 Oshawa, Ont. 0.5 118.4 233.5 4.02% 7.64 253,714 78,792 47.49 2.59 1.28 1.66 1.33
38 Saint John, N.B. 0.24 125.1 196.7 1.35% 8.04 172,236 74,871 101.4 2.02 2.72 1.19 1.28
39 Chatham-Kent, Ont. 1.27 120.3 244.6 5.38% 7.19 145,950 68,194 77.07 2.45 0.97 0.95 0.45
40 Longueuil, Que. 1.59 122 201.8 3.33% 6.62 234,150 66,362 76.56 2.24 2.34 2.09 1.39
41 Sherbrooke, Que. 0.75 128 176.2 0.42% 6.9 208,081 62,002 60.57 2.17 3.76 1.68 1.47
42 St. John's, N.L. 0.26 162.4 191.3 -0.88% 10 332,327 95,412 93.34 2.06 3.16 1.87 1.98
43 Trois-Rivières, Que. 1.28 116.6 193 -2.16% 7.33 132,782 60,914 70.38 2.19 2.08 1.38 1.11
44 Abbotsford, B.C. 0.68 170.9 357.9 -0.62% 5.54 385,452 76,724 78.57 2.15 1.61 1.24 0.12
45 Cape Breton, N.S. 0.21 143.4 197.3 1.32% 16.16 125,991 60,524 66.04 1.85 2.15 0.85 1.03
46 Saguenay, Que. 0.75 120 171.4 -3.69% 8.8 161,345 64,845 71.11 2.39 2.14 1.03 1.72

Best Small Cities

(Population below 100,000)



Rank City Bike to work % Days with rain/yr Days above 0°C Pop. growth '11 to '12 Jobless % Average house price $ Average household income $ Crime Severity Index Property tax % Doctors per '000 Employed in arts & rec % New car %
1 St. Albert, Alta. 0.64 76 176.3 4.92% 3.82 344,967 139,628 56.51 2.54 2.59 1.86 0.94
2 Strathcona County, Alta. 0.52 77.4 169.7 4.85% 3.51 371,619 147,946 54.14 2.5 2.59 1.66 1.02
3 Lacombe, Alta. 1.14 75.6 156.9 7.20% 3.91 243,461 97,516 59.11 2.06 2.39 1.46 0.34
4 Newmarket, Ont. 0.52 108.3 205.8 6.31% 4.69 413,688 107,353 39.37 2.78 2.07 2.05 1.63
5 Halton Hills, Ont. 0.9 109.6 193 6.08% 4.16 458,024 116,251 33.57 2.96 2.07 1.67 1.44
6 Stratford, Ont. 4.59 117.1 211.2 4.50% 5 237,518 73,948 55.91 2.46 3.04 2.6 0.68
7 Boucherville, Que. 1.53 116.4 225.5 -3.13% 2.78 317,057 115,838 76.56 2.83 2.34 2.86 1.99
8 District of North Vancouver, B.C. 1.46 165.2 207.9 5.41% 4.9 819,882 118,348 42.01 2.46 2.43 4.2 0.76
9 Milton, Ont. 0.28 112.4 216.2 8.08% 3.63 432,883 108,825 43.67 2.87 2.07 2.35 1.66
10 Canmore, Alta. 4.3 82.9 158.8 1.53% 2.26 610,282 114,018 60.28 2.12 3.82 3.53 0.47
11 Yellowknife, N.W.T. 2.57 50.5 143 6.16% 5.73 425,947 132,378 218.07 2.45 2.6 2.99 1.36
12 Medicine Hat, Alta. 0.64 60.7 188.7 8.75% 4.01 215,401 86,821 78.04 2.1 1.77 1.12 0.33
13 Wetaskiwin, Alta. 1.57 77.2 155 2.95% 3.15 174,621 79,359 161.57 2.06 2.55 0.91 0.23
14 Blainville, Que. 0.88 120.9 196.2 3.65% 4.53 275,669 103,000 53.3 2.73 2.34 1.57 2
15 Centre Wellington, Ont. 0.9 124.9 204.7 7.35% 3.28 347,348 94,192 28.53 2.71 1.2 2.49 0.6
16 Port Coquitlam, B.C. 1.07 181.2 295 6.27% 4.84 410,809 88,850 66.69 2.18 2.43 1.85 0.52
17 Repentigny, Que. 0.73 118.6 198.9 1.88% 4.51 215,408 82,008 48.32 2.56 2.34 1.32 1.91
18 Okotoks, Alta. 0.69 59.7 160.4 5.09% 2.89 345,681 118,333 69.21 2.53 1.06 2.43 1.04
19 West Vancouver, B.C. 1.52 111.6 207.9 -1.83% 4.45 1,462,629 178,038 40.09 2.54 2.43 3.82 1.68
20 Victoria, B.C. 9.46 150.4 312.6 8.58% 5.11 447,044 59,321 104.19 1.55 3.25 3.62 0.07
21 Maple Ridge, B.C. 0.55 181.2 295 7.14% 4.6 354,953 83,962 85.36 2.19 2.43 1.67 0.32
22 Pickering, Ont. 0.21 118.4 233.5 4.47% 6.56 379,156 109,804 47.49 2.95 2.07 2.23 1.07
23 Clarington, Ont. 0.29 116.8 215.3 7.57% 5.37 308,048 97,019 47.49 2.95 1.28 1.45 1.28
24 North Vancouver City, B.C. 1.87 165.2 207.9 3.29% 4.63 580,050 73,326 78.15 1.61 2.43 4.29 0.77
25 Owen Sound, Ont. 0.76 121.1 223.9 5.55% 6.08 223,587 67,914 63.18 2.35 3.33 1.57 1.09
26 Cranbrook, B.C. 1.6 80.8 189 7.95% 5.01 303,505 73,833 101.11 2.06 6.65 1.2 0.22
27 Collingwood, Ont. 3.13 110.6 215.1 7.01% 6.62 331,594 81,449 62.13 2.55 2.29 1.8 1.23
28 Camrose, Alta. 0.99 69.9 168.2 3.38% 4.86 211,027 81,937 102.37 2 1.79 1.15 0.26
29 Cobourg, Ont. 1.34 104.3 221.5 5.41% 6.58 234,438 73,802 51.68 2.59 1.94 1.73 1.19
30 Aurora, Ont. 0.44 117.6 217.5 -3.55% 5.03 499,296 129,615 39.37 2.78 2.07 2.63 1.88
31 Caledon, Ont. 0.1 107.4 193.9 10.79% 4.1 519,503 126,093 33.12 2.92 2.07 1.91 1.48
32 Steinbach, Man. 3.25 67 168.2 7.98% 4.59 250,276 65,784 85.88 2.04 2.57 1.85 0.02
33 Strathmore, Alta. 0.59 67.5 169.3 5.27% 3.88 273,097 94,584 101.14 2.22 2.46 0.84 0.31
34 Orillia, Ont. 1.07 114.2 208.6 9.58% 5.67 235,047 68,631 78.38 2.41 2.75 1.73 1.61
35 Port Hope, Ont. 0.64 102.6 232.6 6.89% 6.06 244,933 78,784 44.21 2.76 1.48 2.18 0.98
36 Wood Buffalo, Alta. 0.19 82.9 156.9 7.25% 4.21 458,722 183,684 124.94 2.43 0.99 0.87 1.96
37 Sarnia, Ont. 1.84 111.8 227.6 2.81% 6.96 189,490 83,161 76.32 2.31 1.59 1.12 0.56
38 Fredericton, N.B. 1.2 121.1 187.3 2.56% 6.68 192,903 76,669 72.33 2.07 2.25 2.08 1.32
39 High River, Alta. 1.61 59.7 160.4 -3.71% 2.63 300,076 92,612 66.55 2.21 1.06 1.28 0.4
40 Brooks, Alta. 0.96 78 170.5 4.50% 3.01 227,209 94,391 107.71 2.02 0.44 0.95 0.35
41 Joliette, Que. 1.99 95.9 199.1 4.15% 5.96 162,768 59,373 90 2.14 4.07 0.95 1.35
42 Whitehorse, Y.T 2.61 61.6 140.3 4.40% 7.41 371,684 92,931 127.94 2.01 2.27 2.77 0.08
43 Saint-Hyacinthe, Que. 1.73 119.2 208.6 3.18% 5.93 177,044 59,927 61.77 2.11 2.64 1.02 1.58
44 Grande Prairie, Alta. 0.47 77.2 167.3 55.47% 3.81 256,008 113,478 150.69 2.19 2.11 1.08 1.41
45 New Westminster, B.C. 0.6 165 317 4.41% 5.61 440,151 70,696 102.1 1.8 2.43 2.4 0.37
46 Dollard-Des Ormeaux, Que. 0.4 119.4 212.2 3.42% 6.75 373,718 97,036 99.62 2.38 2.34 2.09 1.82
47 Brandon, Man. 1.7 69.1 161.7 -0.74% 5.05 207,512 72,313 82.3 2 2.33 1.3 0.62
48 Sylvan Lake, Alta. 0.4 74.6 164.9 3.57% 4.75 296,052 110,212 82.19 2.18 2.39 1.22 0.65
49 Moose Jaw, Sask. 1.6 65 175.8 3.49% 5.66 217,257 71,683 114.64 1.96 1.74 1.46 0.29
50 Charlottetown, P.E.I. 0.99 130.8 199.5 5.45% 8.38 204,173 71,169 90.84 2.02 2.57 2.01 1.06
51 Lloydminster (Sask./Alta.) 0.6 67.5 162.7 11.15% 4.09 244,870 107,646 91 2.02 1.46 1.37 1.26
52 Brossard, Que. 0.67 122 201.8 0.56% 6.6 288,662 88,846 76.56 2.72 2.34 2.26 1.77
53 North Bay, Ont. 1.35 111.3 185.3 2.73% 7.3 244,099 72,478 68.4 2.06 2.2 1.09 1.54
54 Châteauguay, Que. 0.81 119.4 212.2 4.24% 6.54 204,186 71,973 51.99 2.48 2.34 1.43 1.16
55 Rimouski, Que. 1.22 111.6 192.2 -4.33% 7.37 162,570 63,829 46.96 2.28 3.69 1.93 1.6
56 Fort St. John, B.C. 0.7 66 180.1 10.33% 4.45 312,309 99,724 163.59 1.97 1.29 0.86 1.49
57 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Que. 1.48 124.8 209.4 3.08% 4.9 212,979 68,284 76.88 2.29 2.08 1.26 1.34
58 Leamington, Ont. 1.1 103.2 236.1 3.54% 6.15 199,365 73,743 44.5 2.32 0.76 0.66 0.89
59 Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 1.07 105.4 187.6 1.48% 8.13 186,378 71,073 79.24 2.04 1.77 1.19 0.96
60 Penticton, B.C. 3.01 93.6 249.1 5.61% 6.52 434,800 64,601 132.67 2.19 2.86 1.19 0.05
61 Saint-Eustache, Que. 1.28 123.5 199.5 0.18% 4.64 212,909 76,387 66.99 2.48 2.34 1.19 1.75
62 Brockville, Ont. 1.08 118.2 221.9 5.21% 6.41 229,822 70,458 79.08 2.4 2.05 1.14 0.73
63 Dawson Creek, B.C. 1.11 75 161.1 9.47% 6.11 257,605 78,082 136.75 1.79 1.81 1.79 0.49
64 Tillsonburg, Ont. 1.42 112.6 219.8 3.06% 5.94 198,470 70,255 52.52 2.87 1.37 0.84 0.67
65 Mascouche, Que. 0.79 102.9 148.1 10.06% 4.85 218,290 81,884 63.8 2.77 2.34 1.4 1.93
66 Vernon, B.C. 1.78 99.1 241.5 2.39% 6.04 360,628 68,676 121.4 2.13 2.83 1.3 0.09
67 Saint-Georges, Que. 0.67 104.5 176.3 -4.43% 4.03 127,591 63,666 55.57 2.44
Visit our methodology page to see how we crunched the numbers.
Data provided by: Environics Analytics, Demographic Estimates and Projections 2012 and others

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