For the most part, the panel saw no reason to make major changes to the existing line-up of All-Star fixed-income ETFs, although we debated adding the two Vanguard international fixed-income ETFs by creating a new sub-category. For 2018, however, we have retained the five existing fixed-income ETFs and added a sixth: iShares Core Canadian Short Term Bond Index ETF (XSB).
As Forstrong’s Tyler Mordy says, XSB is cheaper by .01 than VSB but has similar credit risk and rating profiles. In 2017, the panel replaced VAB with ZAG on the All-Star list, because the latter dropped its management fee to 0.09% and undercut its competitors. But as the PWL pair of panelists notes, “since then both XBB and VAB have dropped their fees, too, to 0.08% and 0.09%, respectively. There is now no meaningful difference in cost among these three choices. VAB is 80% government bonds, while ZAB and XBB are 70%. This means VAB is (very) slightly more conservative than the other two.”
Dan Bortolotti adds the caveat (one seconded by Mordy) that it’s usually a bad idea to switch ETFs just because a competitor has dropped its fee by a couple of basis points. “In many cases, the original ETF will go on to drop its own fee soon after, and then you have made two transactions for no reason. Costs are always important, but chasing a few basis points is counterproductive. Remember that 0.05% in MER is just $5 a year on every $10,000 invested.”
The panel was intrigued by what the new Vanguard ETFs revealed about international fixed income. Just as many Canadians are underweight global equities and US technology, arguably many are also underweight international fixed income. The new AA ETFs help redress the latter but of course investors are free to work with their advisors to tweak international fixed income exposure further by directly owning VBG (Vanguard Global ex-US Aggregate Bond Index) and/or VBU (Vanguard US Aggregate Bond Index), both of which are hedged back to the Canadian dollar.
Panelist Alan Fustey reviewed these two ETFs using the criteria of the potential value add for the All-Star model portfolio, given the rising interest rate environment we expect to continue into 2019. He found VBG has an average Duration of 7.8 years, with an effective yield to maturity of 0.96% while VBU has an Average Duration of 6.1 years with an effective yield to maturity of 2.94%.
“Of the four existing traditional fixed-income holdings in the model portfolio (ZAG, VSB, ZDB and BXF) ZAG is the most directly comparable product to VBG and VBU since the other securities are short duration,” Fustey said. ZAG has an Average Duration of 7.36 years with an effective yield to maturity of 2.59%. “ZAG is similar to both VBG and VBU in terms of duration but has a modestly lower effective yield to maturity than VBU. As a result, we do not believe there is a compelling reason to add either VBG or VBU to the model portfolio [All-Stars] at this time.”
|FIXED INCOME||Ticker||Management Fee||# of Holdings||Description|
|BMO Aggregate Bond Index ETF||ZAG||0.09||921||Replaced VAB in 2017 edition but VAB and XBB matched low fee|
|Vanguard Canadian Short-term Bond Index ETF||VSB||0.1||369||Government and corporoate bonds|
|BMO Discount Bond Index ETF||ZDB||0.09||108||Tax-friendly alternative for non-registered accounts|
|First Asset 1-5 Year Laddered Government Strip Bond Index ETF (BXF)||BXF||0.2||25||Unique structure beats other short-term bond funds after tax|
|BMO Laddered Preferred Share Index ETF||ZPR||0.45||191||Five-year ladder of "rate reset" preferred shares|
|NEW! iShares Core Canadian Short Term Bond Index ETF||XSB||0.08||503||Cheaper than VSB by 0.01, similar credit risk and rating profiles|