As a 59-year-old training administrator for a mining company, Heather is a member of her company’s defined contribution pension plan. She’s also mortgage-free. But in 2008 she suffered a 40% loss in her stock portfolio and has since slowly sold off all her high-fee mutual funds, putting her 100% in cash. “I have to pay more attention,” says Heather, who has started managing her own finances. After reading up on investing, she’s ready to rebuild her $200,000 portfolio—split evenly between registered and non-registered investments. She plans to add corporate bonds, but isn’t sure what to do about equities. “I have a low risk tolerance.”
Vancouver money coach Annie Kvick says losing 40% of your portfolio when you’re five to 10 years from retirement is stressful. But investing her entire portfolio in GICs and bonds is risky because Heather could lose her nest egg to inflation, or even outlive her money entirely. “Even though she wants safety, Heather needs some growth from equities for her portfolio to last,” says Kvick.
She wants Heather to keep 35% of her portfolio in cash, 25% in equities and 40% in fixed income. “By using exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and keeping fees low, she’ll get a 3.8% average annual real return,” says Kvick. She also wants Heather to think of her money in terms of three “buckets” of income. She’ll need one-third of her portfolio, or $70,000, between ages 65 and 75. So this first bucket will hold Heather’s ultra-safe all cash investments. The second $70,000 portion of her portfolio has a 15- to 25-year time horizon and will be used between ages 75 and 85; it can be structured 70% fixed income and 30% equities. The final $70,000 portion will be needed in 25 years or more, after age 85; it can be invested 50% in income and 50% in equities.
So Heather’s portfolio today should allocate $70,000 to cash, $79,000 to fixed income and $51,000 to equities. The cash can go into a one-year GIC, the fixed-income portion into the iShares 1-5 Year Laddered Corporate Bond Index ETF (CBO) and the equity portion in low-fee equity mutual funds, like those sold by Mawer or Phillips, Hager & North..
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