Q: A little over 3 years ago, I became a widow very unexpectedly with two kids. About five months ago, I had to leave my job due to Parkinson’s disease. I am an owner of a house which I’m trying to downsize without success due to bidding wars. I do have a small CPP pension and a little money from life insurance which I would like to invest somehow. How do I plan for the long term?
A: As a financial planner, one of the things I do all day long is build financial plans that show people how long they have to work to retire comfortably at age 62 and fund the rest of their lives through age 95. I often tell people, however, that life is rarely so linear. Yours is a situation that drives that point home, Georgia.
I’m sorry to hear about your misfortune. Life events like this are definitely a time to re-evaluate financially.
I think it could be helpful for you to build a retirement plan. Based on your current assets, income and expenses, you could use a long-term financial projection to determine things like:
- How much of a downsize do you need to do?
- How much can you afford to spend each month?
- What rate of return do you need on your investments?
- How much financial support will you be able to provide for your children, for post-secondary education, for example?
- Do you need to plan to return to work at some point?
You mentioned that you left work due to your Parkinson’s. Did you quit or go on disability, Georgia? If you had disability insurance coverage at your employer, I would have thought that you may have qualified for disability benefits under your plan.
You should make sure you have applied for all potential government benefits, including the CPP disability benefit for you and your children, which may be payable over and above your CPP survivor’s benefit for your late husband. You may also qualify for the Disability Tax Credit on your tax return, which will generate tax refunds and qualify you to invest and save in a Registered Disability Savings Plan, which will result in grants from the government on your deposits.
It’s tough to invest for the future without perspective, Georgia. An assessment of your risk tolerance would be a helpful start, but beyond that, what rate of return do you need your money to earn in order to outlast you? And how much can you afford to withdraw from your investments each year?
I caution you from investing your savings with just anyone. Many so-called financial planners are mutual fund salespeople in disguise and push products that make them and their companies money—at the expense of your long-term savings. With average mutual fund fees in the 2% range and bonds paying 2%, conservative or balanced mutual funds are destined to pay paltry returns. There are more alternatives to investing these days regardless of how much money you have to invest, ranging from wholesale mutual fund providers to online or robo-advisors to DIY exchange-traded fund portfolios.
In summary, Georgia, I think you should start by developing an objective financial plan from someone who isn’t trying to sell you something. Then balance your risk tolerance and your required investment return before selecting the most appropriate investment solution at a fair value. I encourage you to reach out to a professional financial planner to help make both of those things happen for you.
Jason Heath is a fee-only, advice-only Certified Financial Planner (CFP) at Objective Financial Partners Inc. in Toronto, Ontario. He does not sell any financial products whatsoever.