Up until two years ago, Lucas and Eva Simmons were an active, carefree couple who spent most of their spare time attending local hockey games, volunteering at their church and camping in some of Alberta’s most beautiful parks. Then, their daughter Madison was born and everything changed. “We’ve come late to the game of starting a family but we’re loving every minute of it,” says Eva, 38, an elementary school teacher in Slave Lake, Alta., 200 km northwest of Edmonton. “We’ve been good savers but now with Madison and another baby due to arrive this April, saving for the future is going to be difficult. Heck, we’ll be retiring at the same time our kids are still in high school or university. We need to juggle so many financial balls and we don’t know the best way to do that.”
The couple is contemplating big changes. Lucas, 38, works as a program co-ordinator at a local community centre, but is thinking about a career change. (We’ve changed names to protect privacy.) That means going back to school for up to four years. “I’d like a job in communications and I’m looking at several options before I make a final decision,” says Lucas.
The Simmons have done two keys things right, by actively paying down their mortgage and building up savings. They bought their three-bedroom ranch-style home eight years ago and are on track to pay off the remaining $36,000 mortgage by the fall of 2017. “We hate debt and paying down the mortgage has been our No. 1 priority,” says Eva. The couple has also been able to save $213,436 in RRSPs, TFSAs, RESPs and a regular savings account. “Even though we know our glass is half full, there is always that worry,” says Eva. “Saving will get tougher when the baby comes.”
Right now, the couple’s largest expense, after the mortgage payment is their $650 a month daycare bill. This will double when the new baby turns one. But Lucas has a plan. “I’d like to leave my job and be a stay-at-home dad until both kids are in full-day school. Plus, I’d like to go back to school, but Eva worries.”
Between them the Simmons earn $152,244 a year. That will drop by almost half in the year Eva is on maternity leave and getting just employment insurance benefits (Lucas currently earns $54,636 per year). Then in the spring of 2017—once Eva returns to her full-time teaching job and Lucas stays home to study and watch the kids—their combined income will be about $97,000 annually. “Even now, we are finding it difficult to save,” says Lucas.
After all expenses the couple has about $14,260 left for investments. Up until now, they’ve been putting that towards RESPs and a spousal RRSP for Lucas. “As a one-income family will our savings have to stop?” asks Eva. “If so, what will that do to our dream of retiring at 58 and paying for our kids’ post-secondary education, as well as helping them with weddings and first-home purchases? We’ve waited a long time to have kids and want to spend as much time with them as possible. Can we do it all?”
Eva does most of the budgeting since she’s always felt comfortable with finances. “Mom worked at a bank and dad owned a clothing franchise in Edmonton when I was growing up,” says Eva. “Both were savers and I am too.” But things were a little different at Lucas’s house. “I remember my dad always moving money around in different accounts to cover bill payments while my mom always seemed to be putting money aside in savings,” says Lucas. “But it worked for them in the end and they retired at 60.”
In 2000, Eva received her teaching degree from the University of Alberta the same alma mater and year Lucas graduated from with a degree in history. The two met in 2004, when Lucas volunteered as a coach at the same school Eva taught at. “We made a bet over a basketball game and I won,” says Lucas. “She made me supper and I was smitten.”
The couple married in 2005 and, ever since, Eva has tried to keep the lines of communication about money open by getting Lucas’s input into budgeting and saving. “I’m a saver and Lucas used to be spender,” says Eva. “But I’ve tried to teach him as much as I can about saving and investing.” Lucas agrees, stressing that he was just getting over his spending ways when he met Eva. “We don’t fight about money but Eva stresses more than I do,” says Lucas. “She handles the day-to-day finances and I can’t thank her enough for doing that.”
One key thing the couple did five years ago is set the goal of having their mortgage paid off by age 40. “We bought the house for $170,000 in 2008 and every year we increased our payments by 5% to 10% and still managed to add about $1,500 a year to a spousal RRSP for Lucas,” says Eva.
But with a second child on the way, and their dream of having Lucas be a stay-at-home dad for a few years, they wonder if they’ll be able to save anything at all and, if so, should they prioritize RESPs for the kids, RRSPs or TFSAs? Eva has divided the family’s finances into several smaller accounts labelled fun money, vacation, maternity, Madison’s savings account and more. But saving for the kids’ education and retirement savings are their top priorities. “We’d like to retire early, volunteer more and possibly have a second career,” laughs Eva. “Plus, we’d really like to be there for the kids when they’re older.”
Right now, the Simmons pay about $20,000 a year for their mortgage and $6,500 a year for daycare expenses, which is a hefty chunk of their take-home pay. But even with these expenses gone in 2017, the couple isn’t sure their reduced income will allow them to save very much. Eva can’t see the light at the end of the tunnel and fears it may not come back until 2022, when Lucas goes back to work full-time to a new job earning about $60,000. During that time, Eva will remain in the teachers’ defined benefit pension plan but thinks they won’t be able to save much otherwise. “That’s scary for me,” says Eva.
The couple’s savings priorities are clear. They’d like to contribute $2,500 a year to their children’s RESPs (Eva’s mom kicks in $1,000 annually, too) and continue making contributions to a spousal RRSP for Lucas. “I have the higher income so it makes sense for me to contribute into an RRSP for him,” says Eva. The couple has a financial advisor but they consider themselves very conservative investors. On their planner’s advice, the couple purchased a variety of balanced segregated funds in 2007 that have achieved average annual compounded rates of return between 1.7% and 4%, depending on the fund. They aren’t sure what they’re paying in fees. The couple also has two $500,000 whole life insurance policies they are paying $1,980 for annually. “All of our other insurance—disability, dental, critical illness—is with my employer, so we’re very well covered,” says Eva.
Just as important to the couple is volunteering actively in their church, where they contribute $2,000 annually. They look forward to the day when they can take the odd trip to Las Vegas, travel to Scotland and perhaps go to a World Juniors Hockey Tournament in Europe. They’d also like to buy a small trailer and travel through B.C. and Alberta and Lucas would love to update his goalie equipment, so he is better prepared for his weekly adult hockey games.
What the experts say
Eva and Lucas have done an excellent job of saving, eliminating debt and communicating as a couple about their goals. “In fact, they have accumulated 28% more net worth than benchmarks would suggest for their age and income,” says Niagara, Ont.-based certified financial planner and money coach Trevor Van Nest. Money Coach Janet Gray of Ottawa, agrees, adding that the couple’s ability to live off one income will be made possible by the mortgage-free home in 2017. Still, there are several things they can do to fine-tune their finances.
Monitor cash flow.
The couple will be in a minor shortfall position for two years (needing to dip into about $26,000 of savings if no budget savings are possible). “But once the mortgage is eliminated in the fall of 2017, surpluses will result, allowing for annual savings of $12,000 to begin again,” says Van Nest. Gray adds they could still cut costs by not buying any new furniture and reviewing their home and auto insurance to see if there are savings from multi-discounts or increasing their deductible. They should also monitor their miscellaneous expenses. All of this could potentially cut that $2,500 from their expenses.
Keep saving in RESPs.
Van Nest says that instead of saving $2,500 annually for each child starting next year, Eva and Lucas should consider increasing their contribution by an inflation factor each year—and encourage grandparents to make contributions to the kids’ RESPs as well. “The cost of tuition will likely triple between now and when their second child reaches the final year of post-secondary school, so even these planned contributions will likely only cover tuition for both children,” says Van Nest. “Other sources of funds will need to be tapped to cover room, board, books and other post-secondary expenses.”
Save modestly in RRSPs.
“Even on a reduced family income, Eva could contribute to Lucas’s RRSP,” says Gray. “At $1,570 a year, it’s an affordable expense.” Van Nest, agrees but adds, “They really don’t need those RRSP savings as Eva’s pension will likely support about 70% of their retirement needs at age 58. “Instead, consider saving virtually all of Lucas’s net income—about $4,000 a month—when he returns to work. They can catch up then.”
Be realistic regarding courses.
People underestimate the time and energy kids take. “Even taking a couple of courses a year requires three or four hours of uninterrupted time,” says Van Nest. If Lucas finds enrolling in a full-time course too demanding, he could always be a dedicated stay-at-home dad for four years and then retrain for two or three years once the kids are both in school full-day. “If there are trade-offs that can make life more enriching by taking the pedal off the income stream, they should do it,” says Van Nest.
Talk fees with an advisor.
The returns experienced by Eva and Lucas are not impressive. “Over the long haul the fees they are being charged are not just uncompetitive, but will be a weight every single year the funds are held,” says Van Nest, adding that the couple should look into the value of low-cost index funds that are diversified, and with management expense ratios (MERs) of 1% or lower. “This move alone could save them hundreds of thousands of dollars in fees over their lifetime.” Gray agrees, adding that in 2016, advisors will have to state their full fees for mutual funds on account statements (although not for segregated funds, which are considered insurance products.) “Use this as a starting point for discussion with your advisor,” says Gray. “There’s a big difference between a 1% fee account and 3%. Eva and Lucas need to understand exactly how these fees work and the exact amount they’re paying.” This will allow them to make better investment positions.”
Review their life insurance.
Eva and Lucas have the right amount of life insurance for their situation—$500,000 each—but term insurance, not whole life would be more appropriate. Costs would be less than half of the $1,980 they’re paying now.“They should consider buying term insurance and investing the difference,” says Van Nest. “It’s painless savings like these that, over several years, will make their retirement income that much better.”